đề thi đại học môn anh khối d năm 2015

  • 1. BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO ĐỀ THI CHÍNH THỨC (Đề thi đua đem 06 trang) KỲ THI TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA NĂM 2015 Môn: TIẾNG ANH Thời gian giảo thực hiện bài: 90 phút, ko kể thời hạn vạc đề Mã đề thi đua 425 Họ và thương hiệu thí sinh:.......................................................................... Số báo danh:................................................................................ SECTION A (8 points) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. Question 1: A. clean B. teach C. break D. deal Question 2: A. supported B. finished C. approached D. noticed Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. Question 3: A. conserve B. conquer C. conceal D. contain Question 4: A. compulsory B. influential C. oceanic D. advantageous Question 5: A. recipe B. candidate C. instrument D. commitment Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the correct answer lớn each of the following questions. Question 6: A large number of inventions and discoveries have been made ______ accident. A. on B. in C. by D. at Question 7: The receptionist, ______ answered the phone, told má that the director was out. A. that B. whom C. whose D. who Question 8: The headmaster has decided that three lecture halls ______ in our school next semester. A. will build B. will be building C. are being built D. will be built Question 9: Students will not be allowed into the exam room if they ______ their student cards. A. don’t produce B. produced C. didn’t produce D. hadn’t produced Question 10: ______ the salesman promised lớn exchange the defective CD player for a new one, they insisted on getting a refund. A. Although B. And C. But D. Despite Question 11: Although MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) spreads through close liên hệ with sick people, not through the air, many people still avoid ______ lớn crowded places. A. gone B. lớn go C. going D. having gone Question 12: Changes have been made in our primary schooling program. As a result, young children ______ bởi homework any more. A. couldn’t B. oughtn’t C. haven’t D. needn’t Question 13: Global warming will result ______ crop failures and famine. A. of B. from C. lớn D. in Question 14: A molecule of water is ______ of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen. A. consisted B. created C. composed D. included Question 15: Jane really loves the ______ jewelry box that her parents gave her as a birthday present. A. wooden brown nice B. nice wooden brown C. brown wooden nice D. nice brown wooden Question 16: Nguyen Thi Anh Vien performed sánh well in the 28th Sea Games women’s 200m butterfly that none of her rivals could ______ her. A. look up lớn B. come up lớn C. put up with D. catch up with Question 17: It is ______ of businessmen lớn shake hands in formal meetings. A. common B. typical C. familiar D. ordinary Question 18: When asked about their preference for movies, many young people say that they are in favour ______ science fiction. A. of B. for C. with D. in Trang 1/6 - Mã đề thi đua 425
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  • 2. Question 19: After the new technique had been introduced, the factory produced ______ cars in năm trước as the year before. A. as many twice B. twice as many C. twice many as D. as twice many Question 20: John has finally found a new job after being ______ for three months. A. out of work B. out of mind C. out of order D. out of reach Question 21: Such characters as fairies or witches in Walt Disney animated cartoons are purely ______. A. imaginable B. imaginative C. imaginary D. imagining Question 22: ______ at school yesterday when we were informed that there was no class due lớn a sudden power cut. A. Hardly we had arrived B. Hardly had we arrived C. We have hardly arrived D. We had arrived hardly Question 23: Mike and Lane are university students. They are talking about Lane’s upcoming high-school reunion. Select the most suitable response lớn fill in the blank. Mike: “So, you have your fifth high-school reunion coming up?” Lane: “______” A. Oh, the school reunion was wonderful. B. The food at the reunion was excellent. C. No. You’re in no mood for the sự kiện. D. Yeah. I’m really looking forward lớn it. Question 24: Ken and Tom are high-school students. They are discussing where their study group will meet. Select the most suitable response lớn fill in the blank. Ken: “Where is our study group going lớn meet next weekend?” Tom: “______” A. We are too busy on weekdays. B. Studying in a group is great fun. C. The library would be best. D. Why don’t you look at the atlas? Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. Question 25: It is common knowledge that solar heating for a large office building is technically different A B C from a single-family trang chính. D Question 26: All the candidates for the scholarship will be equally treated regarding of their age, sex, A B C or nationality. D Question 27: The number of homeless people in Nepal have increased sharply due lớn the recent A B C severe earthquake. D Question 28: Since poaching is becoming more seriously, the government has imposed stricter laws A B C to prevent it. D Question 29: Reminding not lớn miss the 15:20 train, the manager phối out for the station in a hurry. A B C D Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 30: “Be quick! We must tốc độ up if we don’t want lớn miss the flight.” A. turn down B. put forward C. look up D. slow down Question 31: “Don't be such a pessimist. I'm sure you'll soon get over it. Cheer up!” A. feminist B. activist C. hobbyist D. optimist Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 32: When Susan invited us lớn dinner, she really showed off her culinary talents. She prepared a feast – a huge selection of dishes that were simply mouth-watering. A. concerning nutrition and health B. having lớn bởi with food and cooking C. involving hygienic conditions and diseases D. relating lớn medical knowledge Trang 2/6 - Mã đề thi đua 425
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  • 3. Question 33: Suddenly, it began lớn rain heavily, sánh all the summer hikers got drenched all over. A. very tired B. refreshed C. completely wet D. cleansed Question 34: “It’s no use talking lớn má about metaphysics. It’s a closed book lớn má.” A. a theme that I lượt thích lớn discuss B. a book that is never opened C. a subject that I don’t understand D. an object that I really love Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the correct answer lớn each of the questions from 35 lớn 44. Plants and animals will find it difficult lớn escape from or adjust lớn the effects of global warming. Scientists have already observed shifts in the lifecycles of many plants and animals, such as flowers blooming earlier and birds hatching earlier in the spring. Many species have begun shifting where they live or their annual migration patterns due lớn warmer temperatures. With further warming, animals will tend lớn migrate toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher elevations. Plants will also attempt lớn shift their ranges, seeking new areas as old habitats grow too warm. In many places, however, human development will prevent these shifts. Species that find cities or farmland blocking their way north or south may become extinct. Species living in unique ecosystems, such as those found in polar and mountaintop regions, are especially at risk because migration lớn new habitats is not possible. For example, polar bears and marine mammals in the Arctic are already threatened by dwindling sea ice but have nowhere farther north lớn go. Projecting species extinction due lớn global warming is extremely difficult. Some scientists have estimated that trăng tròn lớn 50 percent of species could be committed lớn extinction with 2 lớn 3 Celsius degrees of further warming. The rate of warming, not just the magnitude, is extremely important for plants and animals. Some species and even entire ecosystems, such as certain types of forest, may not be able lớn adjust quickly enough and may disappear. Ocean ecosystems, especially fragile ones lượt thích coral reefs, will also be affected by global warming. Warmer ocean temperatures can cause coral lớn “bleach”, a state which if prolonged will lead lớn the death of the coral. Scientists estimate that even 1 Celsius degree of additional warming could lead lớn widespread bleaching and death of coral reefs around the world. Also, increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere enters the ocean and increases the acidity of ocean waters. This acidification further stresses ocean ecosystems. From "Global Warming" by Michael Mastrandrea and Stephen H. Schneider Question 35: Scientists have observed that warmer temperatures in the spring cause flowers lớn ______. A. become lighter B. bloom earlier C. lose color D. die instantly Question 36: According lớn paragraph 2, when their habitats grow warmer, animals tend lớn move ______. A. north-westwards and up mountainsides toward higher elevations B. toward the North Pole and down mountainsides toward lower elevations C. south-eastwards and down mountainsides toward lower elevations D. toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher elevations Question 37: The pronoun “those” in paragraph 2 refers lớn ______. A. species B. ecosystems C. habitats D. areas Question 38: The phrase “dwindling sea ice” in paragraph 2 refers lớn ______. A. the cold ice in the Arctic B. the violent Arctic Ocean C. the melting ice in the Arctic D. the frozen water in the Arctic Question 39: It is mentioned in the passage that if the global temperature rose by 2 or 3 Celsius degrees, ______. A. trăng tròn lớn 50 percent of species could become extinct B. the sea level would rise by trăng tròn centimeters C. half of the earth’s surface would be flooded D. water supply would decrease by 50 percent Question 40: According lớn the passage, if some species are not able lớn adjust quickly lớn warmer temperatures, ______. A. they will certainly need water B. they may be endangered C. they move lớn tropical forests D. they can begin lớn develop Question 41: The word “fragile” in paragraph 4 most probably means ______. A. pretty hard B. very large C. easily damaged D. rather strong Trang 3/6 - Mã đề thi đua 425
  • 4. Question 42: The bleaching of coral reefs as mentioned in paragraph 4 indicates ______. A. the water absorption of coral reefs B. the blooming phase of sea weeds C. the slow death of coral reefs D. the quick growth of marine mammals Question 43: The level of acidity in the ocean is increased by ______. A. the loss of acidity in the atmosphere around the earth B. the decrease of acidity of the pole waters C. the extinction of species in coastal areas D. the rising amount of carbon dioxide entering the ocean Question 44: What does the passage mainly discuss? A. Global warming and species migration B. Effects of global warming on animals and plants C. Global warming and possible solutions D. Influence of climate changes on human lifestyles Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 45 lớn 54. Library is a collection of books and other informational materials made available lớn people for reading, study, or reference. The word library comes (45)______ liber, the Latin word for “book”. (46)______, library collections have almost always contained a variety of materials. Contemporary libraries maintain collections that include not only printed materials such as manuscripts, books, newspapers, and magazines, (47)______ audio-visual and online databases. In addition (48)______ maintaining collections within library buildings, modern libraries often feature telecommunications links that provide users with access lớn information at remote sites. The central mission of a library (49)______ lớn collect, organize, preserve, and provide access to knowledge and information. In fulfilling this mission, libraries preserve a valuable record of culture that can be passed down lớn (50)______ generations. Libraries are an essential liên kết in this communication between the past, present, and future. Whether the cultural record is contained in books or in electronic formats, libraries ensure (51)______ the record is preserved and made available for later use. People use library resources lớn gain information about personal (52)______ or lớn obtain recreational materials such as films and novels. Students use libraries lớn supplement and enhance their classroom experiences, lớn learn (53)______ in locating sources of information, and lớn develop good reading and study habits. Public officials use libraries lớn research legislation and public policy issues. One of the most valued of all cultural institutions, the library (54) ______ information and services that are essential lớn learning and progress. From "Library (institution)" by Richard S. Halsey et al. Question 45: A. lớn B. from C. in D. out Question 46: A. However B. Instead C. Therefore D. Despite Question 47: A. or else B. but also C. as well D. only if Question 48: A. from B. lớn C. in D. on Question 49: A. is B. has C. have D. are Question 50: A. success B. successful C. succeeding D. succeed Question 51: A. who B. which C. what D. that Question 52: A. interests B. attractions C. appeals D. profits Question 53: A. talents B. capacities C. abilities D. skills Question 54: A. applies B. supplies C. relates D. digests Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the correct answer lớn each of the questions from 55 lớn 64. Overpopulation, the situation of having large numbers of people with too few resources and too little space, is closely associated with poverty. It can result from high population mật độ trùng lặp từ khóa, or from low amounts of resources, or from both. Excessively high population densities put stress on available resources. Only a certain number of people can be supported on a given area of land, and that number depends on how much food and other resources the land can provide. In countries where people live primarily by means of simple farming, gardening, herding, hunting, and gathering, even large areas of land can tư vấn only small numbers of people because these labor-intensive subsistence activities produce only small amounts of food. Trang 4/6 - Mã đề thi đua 425
  • 5. In developed countries such as the United States, nhật bản, and the countries of Western Europe, overpopulation generally is not considered a major cause of poverty. These countries produce large quantities of food through mechanized farming, which depends on commercial fertilizers, large-scale irrigation, and agricultural machinery. This size of production provides enough food lớn tư vấn the high densities of people in metropolitan areas. A country’s level of poverty can depend greatly on its mix of population mật độ trùng lặp từ khóa and agricultural productivity. Bangladesh, for example, has one of the world’s highest population densities, with 1,147 persons per sq km. A large majority of the people of Bangladesh engage in low-productivity manual farming, which contributes lớn the country’s extremely high level of poverty. Some of the smaller countries in Western Europe, such as the Netherlands and Belgium, have high population densities as well. These countries practice mechanized farming and are involved in high-tech industries, however, and therefore have high standards of living. At the other over of the spectrum, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have population densities of less than 30 persons per sq km. Many people in these countries practice manual subsistence farming; these countries also have infertile land, and lack the economic resources and technology lớn boost productivity. As a consequence, these nations are very poor. The United States has both relatively low population mật độ trùng lặp từ khóa and high agricultural productivity; it is one of the world’s wealthiest nations. High birth rates contribute lớn overpopulation in many developing countries. Children are assets lớn many poor families because they provide labor, usually for farming. Cultural norms in traditionally rural societies commonly sanction the value of large families. Also, the governments of developing countries often provide little or no tư vấn, financial or political, for family planning; even people who wish lớn keep their families small have difficulty doing sánh. For all these reasons, developing countries tend lớn have high rates of population growth. From "Poverty" by Thomas J. Corbett Question 55: Which of the following is given a definition in paragraph 1? A. Population mật độ trùng lặp từ khóa B. Simple farming C. Poverty D. Overpopulation Question 56: What will suffer when there are excessively high population densities? A. Land area B. Available resources C. Skilled labor D. Farming methods Question 57: The phrase “that number” in paragraph 1 refers lớn the number of ______. A. resources B. countries C. people D. densities Question 58: In certain countries, large areas of land can only yield small amounts of food because ______. A. there is lack of mechanization B. there are small numbers of laborers C. there is an abundance of resources D. there is no shortage of skilled labor Question 59: Bangladesh is a country where the level of poverty depends greatly on ______. A. both population mật độ trùng lặp từ khóa and agricultural productivity B. population mật độ trùng lặp từ khóa in metropolitan areas C. its high agricultural productivity D. its population mật độ trùng lặp từ khóa only Question 60: The phrase “engage in” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning lớn ______. A. participate in B. look into C. escape from D. give up Question 61: The word “infertile” in paragraph 4 probably means ______. A. unproductive B. disused C. impossible D. inaccessible Question 62: Which of the following is TRUE, according lớn the passage? A. In sub-Saharan African countries, productivity is boosted by technology. B. There is no connection between a country’s culture and overpopulation. C. In certain developed countries, mechanized farming is applied. D. All small countries in Western Europe have high population densities. Question 63: Which of the following is a contributor lớn overpopulation in many developing countries? A. High birth rates B. Economic resources C. Sufficient financial tư vấn D. High-tech facilities Question 64: Which of the following could be the best title for the passage? A. High Birth Rate and its Consequences B. Overpopulation: A Worldwide Problem C. Overpopulation: A Cause of Poverty D. Poverty in Developing Countries Trang 5/6 - Mã đề thi đua 425
  • 6. SECTION B (2 points) I. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Question 1: If John does not change his working style, he will be sacked soon. Unless _____________________________________________________. Question 2: “Would you lượt thích lớn come lớn my 18th birthday party?” he asked má. He invited __________________________________________________. Question 3: People believe that this new teaching method is more effective than vãn the old one. This new teaching method ____________________________________. Question 4: He did not realize how difficult the task was until he was halfway through it. __________________________________________________.Not until Question 5: It was wrong of you lớn leave the class without asking for your teacher’s permission. You should not _____________________________________________. II. In about 140 words, write a paragraph about the benefits of reading books. Write your paragraph on your answer sheet. The following prompts might be helpful lớn you. - Widening knowledge - Improving language - Relaxing ---------------------------------------------------------- THE END ---------- Trang 6/6 - Mã đề thi đua 425